1. Define Maximum Breathing capacity

2. Define Lung compliance

3. Define Residual volume

4. What is hypoxia

5. What are the Muscles of inspiration

6. Muscle actions responsible for (a) normal expiration (b) forced expiration

36. Define FVC and FEV1

Long Questions

3. Draw an oxygen dissociation curve & describe how oxygen is transported in the blood. characteristic feature and significance of sigmoid shape curve . Depict the Bohr’s effect.

4. Describe the neural regulation of respiration.

5. What is hypoxia? Explain the different types of hypoxia with examples. What types respond to oxygen therapy. Add a note on acclimatization at high altitudes

6. Name the respiratory centers. Describe in details about the chemical regulation of respiration. Add a note on oxygen toxicity

Short Questions

1. What is Surfactant and its functions

2. Define FRC, RV, and Minimal volume, and their clinical significance

3. What is FRC, How will you measure FRC and its clinical importance ?

4. Anatomical dead space

5. What is Ventilation perfusion ratio

6. Describe Dead space

7. Describe Haldane’s effect

8. Describe CO2 transport

9. What is Chloride shift

10. What is Oxygen dissociation curve and factors affecting it

11. Neural regulation of respiration

12. Describe Chemical regulation of respiration

13.What is Herring – Breuer reflex

14. What are the Types of Hypoxia & its cause

15. What is Anemic hypoxia

16. What is Asphyxia

17.What is Cheyne – stokes respiration

18. What is Periodic breathing

19. What do you mean by Cyanosis

20.What Are The Causes Of Cyanosis

21. Write short note on acclimatization

22.What is Caisson disease

24. Respiratory distress syndrome of new born

25. Physiological dead space

26. What is bohr’s effect? What is its physiological significance ?

Explain/Give reason

1.Cyanosis is not seen in anemic hypoxia

Difference between

  1. Difference between FEV1 and FEV2
  2. Difference between heart sound 1 and heart sound 2