1.Enumerate the hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
2.Action of thyroid hormone
3.Hormone secreted by adenohypophysis
4.Action of adreno-cortical hormone
5. Name hormones of the hypothalamus

Long Questions

1. Enumerate the hormones of the anterior pituitary, briefly explain the mechanism of their secretion, discuss the actions of growth hormones and their disorders

2. Give an account of the secretion, storage, release and functions of the Neurohypophyseal hormones. Short note on Diabetes Insipidus

3. Describe in detail the synthesis and functions of thyroid hormones. Add a note on Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism

4. Name the hormones concerned with the calcium metabolism. Describe their synthesis and functions. Add a note on the clinical manifestations of hyposecretion of them. Actions of paratharmone

5. Calcium homeostasis and it’s role in physiological processes

6. Name any four hormones producing hyperglycemia. Explain the actions of the chief hypoglycemic hormone on liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Briefly explain GTT. Short note of Diabetes mellitus and physiological basics of its treatment

7. What is the normal level of glucose in the blood, how is blood glucose maintained within normal limits, Add a note on Diabetes mellitus

8. Describe the actions of insulin on (a) Adipose tissue (b) Skeletal Muscle (c) Liver . Add a note on regulation of insulin secretion

9. Describe the functions and regulation of Insulin. Add a note on polyuria

10. Give an account of the hormones of adrenal cortex, their site of production and the regulation of their secretion

11. Enumerate the hormones of adrenal gland. Give in detail the actions of aldosterone and the mechanisms that regulate its secretion

12. Describe the synthesis, regulation and functions of aldosterone. Add a not on Addisonian crisis

Short Questions

1. Neuroendocrine reflex

2. Feedback mechanisms in the regulation of hormones

3. What is the normal blood calcium levels give an account of hormonal regulation of blood calcium, what are the clinical tests by which you can detect tetany in a patient

4. Acromegaly

5. Dwarfism

6. Rickets

7. Osteomalacia

8. Pituitary Dwarfism

9. Hypothalamic control of pituitary gland

10. Diabetes insipidus

11. Glucose transporters

12. Enumerate the hormones secreted by anterior pituitary gland. Describe the actions of growth hormone

13. Functions of any one hormone of posterior pituitary

14. Hypersecretion of growth hormone

15. Myxedema

16. Hypothyroidism

17. Thyroxine synthesis

18. Physiological effects of thyroid hormone

19. Cretinism- its cause, features and strategy to prevent it

20. Write the actions of paratharmone

21. Tetany

22. Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus

23. Mechanism of action of insulin

24. Conn’s syndrome

25. Functions of glucocorticoids

26. Cushing syndrome

27. Functions of cortisol

28. Function of cortisol in stress and inflammation

29. Addisonian crisis

30. calcium homeostasis and the main organs that will act


1. Aldosterone escape

2. Pancreatic C-peptide and its significance


1. Type1 and Type2 diabetes

2. Pituitary and hypothyroid dwarfisim

3. Diabetes mellitus and incipidus

4. Minerelocorticoids and glucocorticoids hormone

5. Acromegaly and Gigantism

6. Hypothyroidism and Hyper thyroidism